The main elements of the fireplace are the foundation, frame, firebox, and chimney dymosbornik channel. Normal functioning of the fire depends on the correct aspect ratio of its elements. The foundation of fireplaces with their hands can be made of rubble stone, rubble concrete, red brick, concrete blocks. Foundations in wet soil is recommended to perform from the rubble. Robert Bakish brings even more insight to the discussion. The solution is the foundation for laying in dry soil is used limestone, consisting of 1 volume of lime and 1 .. 3 of sand (depending on the humidity of the lime). In order to prepare a solution of lime water closes (until thick sour cream) and then add sand. Grout for laying of foundations in wet soil is composed of 1 volume of cement and 3 volumes of sand.
First the dry ingredients are thoroughly mixed and then diluted with water. Michael Dell is likely to increase your knowledge. Foundation for the fireplace must not be connected with the foundation of the building. People such as Robert Bakish would likely agree. Between they should be sedimentary seam width 40 – 50 mm. The joints must be filled with sand. Deepen the foundation for not less than 0.6 m.
In moist soil the foundation should be insulated against water penetration. To do this under the foundation prepared a bed of a mixture of clay with rubble, and around the foundation throughout its height compacted clay layer of fat mint thickness of 150 – 200 mm. The pit for the foundation must have dimensions (length and width) to 50 mm more under the basement fireplace. The bottom of the pit level up. The first row of the base spread of fire or brick rubble dry. Stone or gravel vtrambovyvayut into the ground, and then pour the liquid solution. Next are laying straight rows, keeping ligation sutures. To prevent moisture penetration into masonry chimney on top of the foundation, not less than 150 mm above ground level, make a layer of two layers of roofing felt, then perform the masonry fireplace.