Effective transportation of small goods shipping by means of pneumatic tube various items be transported quickly and with minimal staff from a station by compressed air in cylindrical containers, a tubular system, to another. In 1853, the first pneumatic post was built in London. It was about 200 metres long and constituted the link between the Central telegraph office and the London Stock Exchange. The first systems of this type is suited only for transporting small items. During this period were built in major cities on different continents tube system of several hundred meters. Applications and types of pneumatic tube systems are used for such systems in almost any industry.
So they are found, for example, in publishing houses, hospitals, banks, pharmacies, supermarkets, warehouses, trade and even in the automotive industry for the transportation of material and in steel mills. The pneumatic tube distinguish between equipment located inside a building, so-called internal pneumatic tube systems and those the individual buildings within a city connect, so-called telescope systems. Such telescope systems were used mainly for the carriage of letters and telegrams. In contrast to this telescope systems, smaller plants, which send small objects between adjacent buildings or within a building are, still used. There are various types of pneumatic tube systems. This includes among others the simple two-point connection, where the transport of goods by one transported to another station and back will be. The second system is the single line system with automatic exit.
This includes up to 99 stations with 990 objectives. Here, each individual station to each other can send and receive. The so-called multi-line system with up to 64 lines and departure automatic is used primarily in hospitals and has a plain-text display and maximum 512 stations. Also here can send everyone to everyone. Then there are still the single-pipe direction and turning operation for the handling of cash. This system has about maximum 50 Stations and also a fully graphical interface, as well as Report Builder and remote maintenance. How it works such equipment a pneumatic tube system consists of several main components. It works so, that produces a compressor, the required pressure for the transport and suction. The amount of air pressure and the airflow more is less crucial for the drive and the speed. The speed is 6-8 meters per second. In so-called rifles, the transport containers, the cargo is transported. The appropriate choice of destination and the input of the loaded container takes place at the individual stations. Switches are integrated into the tube system. These serve to transport the cans to their final destination or enable communication with the different lines. High-performance controllers are responsible for these logistics. These differ in the requirements to the system and in their complexity. Benefits of pneumatic tube systems the pneumatic tube is a very effective tool in internal transport problems. With speeds between 6 and 8 meters per second saves the time and energy, what is particularly economical. With the pneumatic tube system objects of different nature can be sent, no matter, hot, cold, or toxic if valuable, liquid, provided that they do not exceed maximum width and weight. Pick-up and delivery services, which are usually much more expensive, account for this verse end form completely. A pneumatic tube system offers the possibility of a horizontal and vertical, as well as a surface and underground transport, as well as a transport of both short and long distances.