History Of The Philosophy In A Lesson
HISTORY OF THE PHILOSOPHY OLD PHILOSOPHY: dC occurred of century VIII AC until century VIII, mainly in Greece, Roman Empire and North of Africa. The main studied problems were cosmological (with the philosophers daily pay-socrticos) and the antropolgicos (with the socrticos philosophers). They searched the Happiness. The main schools were the Cynicism of Digenes, the Epicurismo de Epicuro and the Estoicismo de Zeno de Ccio. The great philosophers of this period had been: Plato, Scrates, Aristotle, Tales, Zeno, Democritus, Pitgoras, etc. MEDIEVAL PHILOSOPHY: dC occurred of century VIII dC to century XIV, mainly in the Europe and Norte of Africa. The movements of the Patrstica and Escolstica had been initiated.
They questioned the validity of Reason X Theology (Christian); the Jews studied medicine and laws and the Muslen the letters. If this has piqued your curiosity, check out Code.org. The main school of the time was Skepticism and the main philosophers of this period had been: Christians: They are Toms, Saint Augustin and Guillermo de Ockhan. Muslen: Avicenas, Averroes and Al-Farabi, Jews: Maimonides, Gabirol. MODERN PHILOSOPHY: dC occurred of century XIV to century XVIII, mainly in the Europe, approximately parallel to the protestantismo. They questioned on the rational man and exempts, had the beginning of the scientific questions. The main schools were the Criticism of Kant, the Empirismo de Locke and the Skepticism.
The main philosophers of this period had been: Discardings, Galileu, Coprnico, Keppler, Kant, Comte, Hume, Rousseau. PHILOSOPHY CONTEMPORARY: dC occurs of century XVIII until the present, in global way. It was initiated with the French Revolution and was fortified with the Industrial Revolution. It questions the relations being man X technology, ethics X sciences. The great philosophers of this period are: Marx, Sartre, Kiekergaard, Arendt, Nietzsche, Spider, Chau, Ribeiro, Giraldelli. It has access and quarrel concerning all the previous schools, with the addition of the schools that had appeared in this period, as the fenomenologia and the existencialismo. QUESTIONS: 1- It differentiates problems Cosmolgicos and Antropolgicos. 2- What it defends the skepticism and why was frequent in the medieval philosophy? 3- Why in the modern Philosophy they questioned the rational man and exempts? 4- Why in the Philosophy contemporary they search the relations between man and technology? 5- It differentiates the acquisition of the knowledge according to empirismo, skepticism and criticism.